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Dr Meng Gao

Assistant Professor
Department of Geography
Faculty of Social Sciences

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Dr Meng Gao

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Dr Gao Meng’s research focuses on air pollution in highly polluted regions (China and India) and its interactions with health and climate. He uses a coupled meteorology-chemistry model to investigate in detail the chemical and physical processes leading to severe particulate matter and ozone pollution in Asia. He demonstrates that aerosol interactions with radiation and clouds contribute in important ways to intensification of the aerosol enhancements. He also manifests for the first time how the assimilation of PM2.5 in winter haze periods can improve model predictions and that these improved predictions can reduce significantly the uncertainties in health impacts and estimates of aerosol radiative forcing. He also found that the conditions of the ocean temperature in autumn can be effectively used to predict the severity of the Indian winter haze, which provides useful implications for pollution control at least a season in advance. 

 

In addition to his innovative ideas, Dr Gao shows the ability to coordinate international collaborations. He plays a leading role in a large international model inter-comparison study in which 30 research groups in East Asia and beyond are looking at model performance in East Asia including regions and times with winter haze events.

 

Achievements

 

Research Outputs

  • Gao, Meng, Zhiwei Han, Zhining Tao, Jiawei Li, Jeong-eon Kang, Kan Huang, Xinyi Dong, Bingliang Zhuang, Shu Li, Baozhu Ge, Qizhong Wu, Hyo-jung Lee, Cheol-hee Kim, Joshua S. Fu, Tijian Wang, Mian Chin, Meng Li, Jung-hun Woo, Qiang Zhang, Yafang Cheng, Zifa Wang & Gregory R. Carmichael. “Air quality and climate change, Topic 3 of the Model Inter-Comparison Study for Asia Phase III (MICS-Asia III) – Part 2: aerosol radiative effects and aerosol feedbacks.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20.2 (2020): 1147-1161. https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/20/1147/2020/
  • Gao, Meng, Zirui Liu, Bo Zheng, Dongsheng Ji, Peter Sherman, Shaojie Song, Jinyuan Xin, Cheng Liu, Yuesi Wang, Qiang Zhang, Jia Xing, Jingkun Jiang, Zifa Wang, Gregory R. Carmichael & Michael B. McElroy. “China's emission control strategies have suppressed unfavorable influences of climate on wintertime PM2.5 concentrations in Beijing since 2002.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20.3 (2020): 1497-1505. https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/20/1497/2020/
  • Gao, Meng, Jinhui Gao, Bin Zhu, Rajesh Kumar, Xiao Lu, Shaojie Song, Yuzhong Zhang, Peng Wang, Gufran Beig, Jianlin Hu, Qi Ying, Hongliang Zhang, Peter Sherman & Michael B. McElroy. “Ozone Pollution over China and India: Seasonality and Sources.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20 (2020): 4399-4414. https://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/acp-2019-875/
  • Gao, Meng, Peter Sherman, Shaojie Song, Yueyue Yu, Zhiwei Wu & Michael B. McElroy. “Seasonal prediction of Indian wintertime aerosol pollution using the ocean memory effect.” Science Advances 5.7 (2019): eaav4157. https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/7/eaav4157
  • Gao, Meng, Yihui Ding, Shaojie Song, Xiao Lu, Xinyu Chen & Michael B. McElroy. “Secular decrease of wind power potential in India associated with warming in the Indian Ocean.” Science Advances 4.12 (2018): eaat5256. https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/12/eaat5256
  • Gao, Meng, Zhiwei Han, Zirui Liu, Meng Li, Jinyuan Xin, Zhining Tao, Jiawei Li, Jeong-eon Kang, Kan Huang, Xinyi Dong, Bingliang Zhuang, Shu Li, Baozhu Ge, Qizhong Wu, Yafang Cheng, Yuesi Wang, Hyo-jung Lee, Cheol-hee Kim, Joshua S. Fu, Tijian Wang, Mian Chin, Jung-hun Woo, Qiang Zhang, Zifa Wang & Gregory R. Carmichael. “Air quality and climate change, Topic 3 of the Model Inter-Comparison Study for Asia Phase III (MICS-Asia III) – Part 1: Overview and model evaluation.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18.7 (2018): 4859-4884. https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/18/4859/2018/
  • Gao, Meng, Gufran Beig, Shaojie Song, Hongliang Zhang, Jianlin Hu, Qi Ying, Fengchao Liang, Yang Liu, Haikun Wang, Xiao Lu, Tong Zhu, Gregory R. Carmichael, Chris P. Nielsen & Michael B. McElroy. “The impact of power generation emissions on ambient PM2.5 pollution and human health in China and India.” Environmental International 121.1 (2018): 250-259. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412018313369
  • Gao, Meng, Dongsheng, Ji, Fengchao Liang & Yang Liu. “Attribution of aerosol direct radiative forcing in China and India to emitting sectors.” Atmospheric Environment 190 (2018): 35-42. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1352231018304588
  • Gao, Meng, Zirui Liu, Yues Wang, Xiao Lu, Dongsheng Ji, Lili Wang, MengLi, Zifa Wang, Qiang Zhang & Gregory R. Carmichaela. “Distinguishing the roles of meteorology, emission control measures, regional transport, and co-benefits of reduced aerosol feedbacks in ‘APEC Blue’.” Atmospheric Environment 167 (2017): 476-486. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1352231017305678
  • Gao, Meng, Pablo E. Saide, Jinyuan Xin, Yuesi Wang, Zirui Liu, Yuxuan Wang, Zifa Wang, Mariusz Pagowski, Sarath K. Guttikunda & Gregory R. Carmichael. “Estimates of Health Impacts and Radiative Forcing in Winter Haze in Eastern China through Constraints of Surface PM2.5 Predictions.” Environmental Science and Technology 51.4 (2017): 2178-2185. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.6b03745
  • Gao, Meng, Gregory R. Carmichael, Yuesi Wang, Dongsheng Ji, Zirui Liu & Zifa Wang. “Improving simulations of sulfate aerosols during winter haze over Northern China: the impacts of heterogeneous oxidation by NO2.” Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 10.5 (2016): 16. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11783-016-0878-2
  • Gao, Meng, Gregory R. Carmichael, Pablo E. Saide, Zifeng Lu, Man Yu, David G. Streets & Zifa Wang. “Response of winter fine particulate matter concentrations to emission and meteorology changes in North China.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16 (2016): 11837-11851. https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/16/11837/2016/
  • Gao, Meng, Gregory R. Carmichael, Yuesi Wang, Pablo E. Saide, M. Yu, Jinyuan Xin, Z. Liu & Zifa Wang. “Modeling study of the 2010 regional haze event in the North China Plain.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16.3 (016): 1673-1691. https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/16/1673/2016/
  • Gao, Meng, Sarath K. Guttikunda, Gregory R. Carmichael, Yuesi Wang, Zirui Liu, Charles O. Stanier, Pablo E. Saide & Man Yu. “Health impacts and economic losses assessment of the 2013 severe haze event in Beijing area.” Science of The Total Environment 511.1 (2015): 553-561. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004896971500008X